Oilfield Drilling Rig Composition and Mechanical Transmission System

Drilling mud solids control system to some extent could be seen as part of the complete drilling rig system. Comparing with the main body of drilling rig, the shale shaker has a more frequent maintenance and replacement. Now let talk some on the composition of drilling rig.

 

According to the requirement of drilling, wash well and unloading the drilling tools in the drilling process, one set of drilling rig must be equipped with the following systems and devices.

  1. Power equipment: diesel engine or AC, DC power source.
  2. Driving system: including reduction, parallel operation, reverse and speed changing etc. On the basis of mechanical transmission, still need hydraulic transmission, pneumatic and electromagnetic clutch, etc.
  3. Hoisting system: winch, auxiliary winch, auxiliary brake; hoisting system (traveling block, hook, crane, derrick, etc.); Ascension tools (rings, elevator, slip, tong, etc.)
  4. Rotation system: the turntable, the faucet; the drill string, drill bit and downhole drilling tools
  5. Circulatory system: drilling pump, the ground manifold, mud pools, mud cleaning equipment and mud mixing equipment.
  6. Control system: mechanical, hydraulic or electric control device, control operation station, observation data recorder, etc
  7. Base includes rig base, computer room base, mud desilter, etc
  8. Auxiliary equipment: air compression equipment, rat hole drilling equipment, wellhead blowout equipment, auxiliary power generation equipment, auxiliary lifting equipment, mobile home, insulation equipment, etc.

A complete drilling system is divided into five areas: Drill floor area, computer room and power area, mud pump area, oil tank area, mud recycling and water tank area.

The drilling rig mechanical transmission system

Parallel Operation: two more driving units should be work together. Such as tape drive, diesel engine – hydraulic drive, the chain and parallel transmission and so on.

Astern: rotary table, astern trunk and the clutch.

Slow and variable speed: general 4 ~ 6 gears, 3 ~ 4 gears if changed torque

Transformation direction: short cardan shaft, Angle gearbox, climbing chain, etc

Auxiliary speed transmission: coupling

The above briefly introduced the mechanical drilling rig composition and transmission system. Welcome to GN for industrial information communication and business negotiation.

752 Desilter

mud gas separator Unit Ship to Canadian Drilling Business:https://mudagitator.wordpress.com/2014/08/15/mud-gas-separator-unit-ship-to-canadian-drilling-business/

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s